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Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture. Java is one of the most popular programming languages in use particularly for client-server web applications. Java was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems (which has since been acquired by Oracle Corporation).
Selenium is a portable software-testing framework for web applications. It is open-source software, released under the Apache 2.0 license: web developers can download and use it without charge.Selenium was originally developed by Jason Huggins in 2004 as an internal tool at ThoughtWorks.Selenium WebDriver is the successor to Selenium RC . Selenium WebDriver accepts commands and sends them to a browser. We can write tests in a number of popular programming languages, including C#, Groovy, Java, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby and Scala.
Cucumber is a software tool used by computer programmers for testing other software. It runs automated acceptance tests written in a behavior-driven development (BDD) style.Central to the Cucumber BDD approach is its plain language parser called Gherkin. It allows expected software behaviors to be specified in a logical language that customers can understand. As such, Cucumber allows the execution of feature documentation written in business-facing text.
Gherkin is the language that Cucumber uses to define test cases. It is designed to be non-technical and human readable, and collectively describes use cases relating to a software system.The purpose behind Gherkin’s syntax is to promote Behavior Driven Development practices across an entire development team, including business analysts and managers.
Everyday Projects are moving to Devops. It is concept of bringing the development and Operations team together. DevOps aims at shorter development cycles, increased deployment frequency, and more dependable releases, in close alignment with business objectives. A definition proposed by Bass, Weber, and Zhu, is:
DevOps is a set of practices intended to reduce the time between committing a change to a system and the change being placed into normal production, while ensuring high quality.